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Education and Health for Carpet Knotting Families

The creation of a carpet

Today's carpet production can be divided into a few categories. Products of the Nomads come in the first instance from Persia (Iran) and Afghanistan. Carpets from cottage industry originate for the most part from Iran, India and Pakistan, but also from Afghanistan. In the case of carpets from Nepal and China one can speak of manufactured merchandise. The production process from the sheep to the finished carpet is basically the same. It starts with raising sheep, the shearing, washing, sorting, carding, combing, spinning,  and dyeing the wool. While the wool dries and is stored, a knotting loom, generally simple, rectangular, wooden or metal, is constructed. Depending on the region, the loom is used vertically or horizontally, in an upright or reclining position.

The patterns are designed and drawn. Nowadays, besides traditional designs, many patterns are developed according to the taste of consumers in the industrial countries. The oriental carpet pile consists of lamb's wool or silk. Textile fabrics, warp and weft, consist for the most part of wool, cotton or silk yarns. After the carpet has been knotted according to a predetermined pattern, it is cut out from the knotting frame and the ends and sides are finished. This is followed by the shearing, washing, stretching and drying of the carpet as well as for some sorts of carpets, sculpting ("lifting out" the pattern with the help of scissors). After a thorough inspection the carpet arrives at the bazaars or will be shipped for export - and so ends up subsequently for sale in our stores. Every piece is a piece of art, a unique specimen of which no identical exists. And, looking at all the steps from the sheep to the final buyer's livingroom, the carpet could tell a story.